The Internet of Things: What It Is and Why We Need It
This is probably the most intriguing concept in modern science. This is the idea of a computer network of physical objects that are configured with certain mechanisms for interacting with each other. It implies that it can seriously affect the progress of modern society, as it will allow dozens of processes to occur without human participation. Let’s try to find out what IoT really is and why it may be needed.
The World of IoT
According to the Ericsson Mobility Report, there are more than 16 billion linked gadgets in the world today. By 2022, that number will boost to 29 billion, where 18 of them will be items of the IoT world. The IoT is a global network of real gadgets linked to the world web – things with sensors and data transferring capabilities.
To implement it properly, you need an ecosystem that includes smart things:
- various gadgets with sensors;
- access and transferring network;
- platforms to control them,
- devices and apps.
The puzzle will not work out in the absence of at least one of the above components. This is where web development services are required to make all the above work.
Today, there are several specialized standards for transferring info from smart gadgets. The eMTC (enhanced Machine-Type Communication) standard is deployed on the basis of LTE mobile networks and EC-GSM-IoT (Extended Coverage – GSM – IoT). But the most popular is the NB-IoT (Narrowband IoT) standard. It can be deployed both in GSM or LTE or independently as a separate network.
Why Do We Need It?
The IoT is significantly transforming the personal and social aspects of life, as well as business and even entire industries. Also, this tech has the potential to solve some global problems of our time.
For example, the mobile operator Verizon has made an analysis, which determined that up to 50% of the harvest never reaches the final consumer. This problem can be solved through an automated food logistics system. Also, about 25% of the crop can be saved thanks to online monitoring of weather. This may be one of the solutions to the problem of hunger. The IoT can have a positive effect on the health and longevity of the population. In Australia, doctors can now remotely monitor the patient’s health and respond in real-time using wearable sensors.
The mobile operator AT&T in the USA has created a system designed to solve one of the most dangerous problems for older people – unexpected falls. A small device automatically detects a sharp change in the position of the owner’s body and contacts the call center for immediate assistance. Even in such a niche, IoT may significantly improve people’s quality of life.
It is very likely that soon we will be surrounded by hundreds of smart robots and gadgets. The main thing is to make sure that none of them plans to take over the world!